Administering user VMs from the command line with virsh

  • 15 April 2020
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Let’s say you need to administer your user VMs from the command line interface.

 

The Controller VM resources are shown under the VM page In the Nutanix Prism, but you will not be able to change the resources configuration unless you connected to the Acropolis hypervisor (host) and modified the configurations using virsh.

 

virsh: is a command line interface tool for managing guests and the hypervisor.” Centos.org.

First you can review the settings of the CVM under the VM Page on Prism.

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Connect to the Acropolis hypervisor (host) using the root account with password “nutanix/4u”

 

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Lists all the VMs on a host > virsh list –all

 

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Displays information about a VM > virsh dominfo VM_Name

 

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Displays information about the vCPU > virsh vcpuinfo VM_Name

 

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Sets the number of virtual processors > virsh setvcpus VM_name count

 

Note: The count value cannot exceed the number of processors specified for the guest.

 

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You can increase the number of processors by editing the virsh XML configuration file > virsh edit VM_Name

 

  • Change from command mode to insert mode by typing <i>.

  • Use the arrow keys to move to line “vcpu placement”, increase the value as required.

  • Go back to command mode by pressing <Esc>.

  • Save and exit by Typing <:wq>

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Allocates memory for a guest > virsh setmem VM_Name count

You must specify the [count] in kilobytes. The new count value cannot exceed the amount you specified when you created the guest. A higher maximum memory value will not affect the active guest unless the new value is lower which will shrink the available memory usage.

 

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Sets the maximum memory limit for a guest > virsh setmaxmem VM_Name

 

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Shutdown the VM > virsh shutdown VM_Name

 

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Starts an inactive VM > virsh start VM_Name

 

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Restarts the VM > virsh reboot VM_Name

 

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Check this video on TechTopX: Managing Controller VMs with virsh.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9rDoOWPJXGU&feature=youtu.be


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